Abravanel, the Blog

Jewish life and not only in Greece / Εβραϊκή ζωή και όχι μόνο στην Ελλάδα

Tsipras Wins, what can Jews in Greece and abroad expect?

Posted by Abravanel, the Blog στο 24/01/2015

The results of the greek elections are in and it appears that the left party of Syriza has won. The following wants to serve as article which tries to reconcile  how the new government is both better and worse than the previous conservative government of Samaras which had included prominent antisemites and how a leftist anti-racist government can take as junior partners the far-right antisemitic party of Anexartiti Ellines (ANEL).

tsipras kef3

Tsipras during anti-Israel demonstration sporting a palestinian keffiyeh/source:in.gr

Who is Syriza and Alexis Tsipras? They are the unlikely result of 5 years of unprecedented austerity which has led to Greece shedding 25% of its GDP, achieving a 35% of unemployment, suffering immense social hardships and a huge brain drain of its youngest and brightest. An austerity originating from decades of misgovernance, black economy & squandering but also horribly managed by a European Union motivated by the wellbeing of private banks and german petty election politics. A small party collocated in the area between euro-communism and a leftist socialdemocracy which struggled to achieve the election threshold, has emerged as the only hope against a decline deemed as a failure of traditional parties which ruled Greece for the past 40 years, (mainly the socialists of PASOK which is with one foot in the grave).

This sudden enlargement should be kept in mind when discussing about Tsipras and Syriza; we still do not know how it will evolve and how a by-definition non-governance political party of 4% will act under the burden of responsibility. But we do know the core leadership and we can make educated guesses based on how they have handled the absorption of new political cadres who belonged to other parties beforehand.

Syriza – and his predecessor Synaspismos – were consistently the least antisemitic political party in Greece. This dubious praise makes sense if one takes into account that Greece is the most antisemitic country in Europe, if not in the whole non-muslim world. Although after WW2 antisemitism never took the violent forms that plagued other countries like France, hate speech is rampant, omnipresent and totally unopposed. While seldomly having faced physical violence, Jews are forced into complete invisibility to avoid harassment and psychologically coerced into denying that what they experience is antisemitism. Still Syriza was the only party which consistently issued declarations against the periodical vandalisms of Jewish buildings, albeit weak ones. It also consistently gave homage to the Shoah and publicly opposed neo-nazis. Plus it always advocated the separation between State and the Orthodox Church which plays a major role in maintaining religious antisemitism. On the other hand Syriza heavily invested in a virulent anti-Israel retoric which in Greece regularly employs antisemitic tropes and often reverses into straightforward antisemitism against Greek who happen to profess the Jewish faith.

Syriza under Alexis Tsipras has maintained this orientation, although he has softened considerably his anti-Church rhetoric and his progressive stance on civil rights issues such as gay issues. Whether it is a ploy to attract conservative voters is to be seen but it should be noted that these openings did not include Israel; and if you’re wondering why I mention Israel, it is because as I mentioned earlier anti-Israel sentiment directly reverses on Greek Jews whether they like it or not. Although Tsipras nominally supports the two-states solution, he strongly advocates a return to traditional pro-Palestinian greek foreign policy and opposes the Greece-Israel rapprochement of recent years despite paying lip service to keeping open channels with everyone.


Local Syriza leaders like T.Mitafidis have consistently payed homage to the memory of Holocaust./source: Avghi http://bit.ly/18cJjK7

So what can Greek Jews expect? On the bright side they can expect a marked improvement on the inclusion of the Shoah in the national historiography; I would even expect it becoming a major pillar in the effort to drive the neonazi party of Golden Dawn off schools. I also expect a stronger police and government response against the regular acts of violence against jewish institutions, (throwing of molotov cocktails, antisemitic graffiti, synagogue arsons). Plus the neonazis would face serious political threat, unlike the half-hearted effort of Samaras who sends of one man to jail them and sends another to negotiate with them.

Unfortunately Tsipra’s/Syriza’s radicalism stops right about there. While wholeheartedly sympathetic to dead Jews, he is not particularly interested in the ones alive. In an interview given to me back in 2008 Tsipras denied any measure to financially help the Jewish communities to the extent the Greek States aids the Orthodox Church. At that time his reasoning was that aid to religious organizations should cease altogether; given his recent pro-Church declarations it is highly unlikely happen so non-equal treatment probably is going to continue. A tangible example is how Syriza’s elder statesman Manolis Glezos handles WW2 reparations: while demanding the restitution of a forced greek loan to Nazi Germany and additional reparations, Glezos has specifically excluded any application of his justice in his own home. This being of course because it would involve the question of Thessaloniki where Greek Christians collaborated and plundered on a scale resembling the sack of Rome.

Still these are petty concerns that Greek Jews have learned to live by. More concerning is the virulent antisemitism of many of his senior parliamentarians and local cadres disguised under the veil of antizionism. Being Greece of course this veil is pretty thin and it should not be confused with legitimate antizionism which although deplorable is a real political stance. In Greece antizionism regularly employs antisemitic tropes such as blood libel (israelis stealing organs of the palestinians), world domination (the US is the puppet of Israel), Christ-Killer (israelis kill sheiks of Hamas) and equating Jewish Israelis to Nazis. And as I said with antisemitism being present in levels unthinkable for any western society, this always reverses on Greek Jews. This means that, as in recent past, leftists will hold anti-Jewish demonstrations like the ones in Thessaloniki which trapped Jews in their communal offices or regularly vandalize Shoah memorials at times of heightened tension in the Middle East. Indicative is a post I wrote in 2009 about antisemitism during the ’09 Cast Lead Operation; Greek Jews were forced to cancel events, suffer vandalisms and close synagogues while leftists and nazis ran rampant in anti-Israel demonstrations.

Even worse it has just been announced that Tsipras will form a coalition government with the far-right party Anexartiti Ellines (ANEL).  The ANEL leader Panos Kamenos is a known fan of conspiracy theories and recently declared «Greek Jews do not pay taxes» causing a furious response by the Central Board of Jewish Communities. And even if the opposition to austerity would warrant a bit of nose-tapping, it can hardly explain the organic absorption of virulent antisemites like ex-ANEL parliamentarian Rahil Makri which opposes even Shoah remembrance and got elected under Syriza. Although the recent alliance should be attributed to electoral needs, it also serves as sign of Tsipras kowtowing to Greece’s worst antisemitic populistic self. 


Rahil Makri, parliamentarian calls «Vulgarly ridiculous» Salonika mayor for sporting a yellow star in opposition to nazis appearing in city counsil. Rahil Makri is considered anti-Jewish by local Jewish communities and is a recent tranfer from a far-Right party; a personal choice by Tsipras.

So to wrap things up :

A Tsipras government is a good thing if you’re a dead Jew: your memory is cherished and you will probably enjoy more respect and greater recognition. If you’re an alive Jew things will probably will stay the same: even if Tsipras probably personally likes you, he is not to calm the antisemitic sea amidst the one you’re sailing in; I doubt whether this would be possible even if he wanted to. Perhaps he’ll ease the problems Jewish schools and Jewish museums face by a largely indifferent and sometimes hostile State. Still he will steadfastly deny any real request like restitution of stolen properties, recognition of Christian collaboration in Thessaloniki, financial support of Jewish clergy like the Christian one or support of Jewish schools. Also hate-speech is not going to be affected judging from his alliance with the antisemitic Far-Right and lack of solidarity during the Jewish struggle against Shoah revisionists.

But most importantly, pray. Pray to Adonai Eloenu that things stay calm in the Middle East, because if they’re not Greece under Tsipras is going to be a hotbed of state-sanctioned antisemitism. Although swearing they hate Israel and not Jews, the reality is when Syriza goes marching down the street shouting for zionist murderers the synagogues and Jewish clubs close. The enlargement of his government through the inclusion of the antisemitic ANEL, in the name of anti-austerity politics, serves a testament to the fact that antisemitic credentials are necessary for every political party with credible aspirations to governing Greece.

Seventy-two years have passed since Soviet troops liberated Auschwitz and among them my family. 72 years afterwards I have to deal with the fact that around 400.000 greeks are die-hard neonazis and the political force opposing them in the government is indifferent to antisemitism when it does not sport a swastika. Jews in Greece had no need to tighten security after the muslim attacks on Jews and Charlie Hebdo; they already live in incognito and in fortified synagogues. Still it leaves a bitter taste to find out my illusions about an anti-antisemitic Greek Left which I have voted for in the past is just that: illusions. Welcome to Greece.

PS. Yo Israel ? I know that things with Cyprus and Greek-Americans are going extremely well but all good things must come to an end. The Greek (Christian) Left hates your guts: it thinks you’re living in a stolen land, using Palestinians as slaves in an apartheid regime and considers your state is a historical abomination. This is not a fringe minority but a solid majority with the top echelons having invested for decades in antizionist rhetoric with antisemitic undertones. Syriza parliamentarians have already participated in «freedom flotillas» and I expect Greece aligning with Arab states, inserting more anti-Israel bias inside the European Union and generally treating any cultural partnerships as leper-infested.

15 Σχόλια προς “Tsipras Wins, what can Jews in Greece and abroad expect?”

  1. […] article by Abravanel […]

  2. […] The Jewish-Greek (pro-Zionist) Abranavel, the Blog writes: […]

  3. plagal said

    Not an objection (you know my objections), more of an observation: if the treatment of alive Jews is to change, Greeks need to acquire a story about dead Jews that makes them «their own». This is not a revolutionary moment for Greece, but it could be an evolutionary one (even despite the «Independent Greeks»). I’m not asserting fact, only potential.

  4. argos said

    «…financial support of Jewish clergy like the Christian one…» Seriously? The issue at hand here, is to stop financing also the Cristian Clergy. As for the school, I think that greek citizens are free and without a fee to attend public schools. Except if you are asking the state to pay for teachers teaching Hebrew as a second language.

  5. Plagal I believe Syriza believes them as «their own». But unfortunately as «their exotic own» and denies any connection with living Jews. Plus I see a lot of self-righteousness which claims the moral highground & is severly allergic to criticism. Also completely denying their privileges. You know better than many how would this qualify in the dreaded US.

    I think that the Left just forfeited its moral supremacy and «victim» status. It will enjoy a nice term but I believe tectonic changes are coming and conservative-wise. Review the Antoniou/Saltiel study on antisemitism across the political spectrum and how it is not politically affiliated but rather related to self-esteem.

    Argos I also suggest financial aid to religious organizations cease. But public schools are christian schools where the constitutional letter of attending to the religious sentiment is fulfilled; of course I demand the same rights. I don’t expect you to like it but I hope you don’t expect me considering to be patient until finally the separation between Church and State arrives.

  6. C D said

    Thank you for your informative posts. I follow you on Twitter as well. My mum told me of her Romaniot heritage before she died(from Arta) so thank you Christine Australia Date: Mon, 26 Jan 2015 12:12:20 +0000 To: cd_aussie@hotmail.com

  7. Yvette said

    Thank you Abravanel for this article, it is eye opening, one should strive to cooperate with the voted government to promote acceptance of Greek Jews as part of the cultural diversity, a community under extinction in Greek society.

  8. Γιάννης Παπαχατζάκης said

    Γεια σου Abravanel.
    Καταρχήν συγγνώμη που δεν αφήνω απάντηση στα αγγλικά. Θεωρώ ότι αφού το έγραψες σε αυτή τη γλώσσα το σωστό θα ήταν να αφήσω σχόλιο στην ίδια γλώσσα. Προσπάθησα, μα τα αγγλικά μου δεν είναι άριστα και τελικά το αποτέλεσμα δεν ήταν κατανοητό ούτε καν σε εμένα.

    Σε παρακολουθώ με μεγάλο ενδιαφέρον και έχω σχολιάσει μερικές φορές το blog σου αλλά συνήθως δεν ξέρω τι να σου γράψω. Ο λόγος είναι κυρίως ότι νιώθω ενοχές ως Έλληνας απέναντί σου/σας για το γεγονός ότι πράγματι η Ελλάδα και οι Έλληνες είναι από τους πιο αντισημίτες μη μουσουλμανικούς λαούς του κόσμου. Δεν γνωρίζω αν είναι οι πρώτοι όπως αναφέρεις αλλά όπως και να ‘χει δε με ενδιαφέρει αυτού του είδους ο διαγωνισμός. Μακάρι να μη χρειαζόταν καν να γίνονται τέτοιου είδους μετρήσεις. Γνωρίζω ότι οι Εβραίοι της Ελλάδας είστε πολύ επιφυλακτικοί απέναντι στους Έλληνες φιλοεβραίους, αριστερούς και κομμουνιστές και μάλιστα δε σας πολυαδικώ. Πράγματι η αριστερά (και μάλιστα και η κομμουνιστική, η οποία είναι αυτή που με ενδιαφέρει περισσότερο) πολλές φορές έχει εκφράσει αντισημιτικές απόψεις και θέσεις, ενώ πολλές οργανώσεις έχουν βασίσει την ύπαρξή τους στο παλαιστινιακό ζήτημα.

    Από την άλλη όμως το Ισραήλ και οι Εβραίοι παγκοσμίως έχουν παρεξηγήσει το γεγονός μιας φιλοπαλαιστινιακής δήλωσης και θεωρούν αυτόματα ότι μια εκδήλωση συμπαράστασης στους Παλαιστινίους συνιστά αντισημιτική εκδήλωση. Οι κομμουνιστές και οι αριστεροί γενικότερα πιστεύουν στη συναδέλφωση των λαών. Πιστεύουν ότι κάποια μέρα όλοι οι λαοί θα είναι αγαπημένοι, σεβόμενοι την πολιτιστική και θρησκευτική παράδοση του καθενός, αν και για το τελευταίο έχω την άποψη ότι στην ιστορία, όλες οι θρησκείες του κόσμου, περισσότερο έχουν ματώσει παρά ενώσει την ανθρωπότητα. Προσωπικά όμως είναι άθεος οπότε κρίνω τις θρησκείες από ένα σημείο στο οποίο μου είναι σχεδόν αδύνατον να νιώσω πως σκέφτεται ένας θρησκευόμενος άνθρωπος.

    Θα μιλήσω ως Γιάννης και όχι σαν εκπρόσωπος κόμματος ή ιδεολογικής άποψης, αν και πιστεύω ότι αυτά που θα πω εκφράζουν αρκετούς αριστερούς/κομμουνιστές στην Ελλάδα.
    Το Ισραήλ ως κράτος φυσικά έχει κάθε δικαίωμα ύπαρξης και κάθε δικαίωμα προστασίας των πολιτών του. Αυτό όμως δεν του δίνει το δικαίωμα να βομβαρδίζει ελεύθερα την Παλαιστίνη (ανεξάρτητο κράτος κατά τον ΟΗΕ) και να εμποδίζει ή να ελέγχει το εμπόριο, την αλιεία κλπ. Όταν δέχεσαι επίθεση έχει υποχρέωση να αμυνθείς, αλλά η εκδίκηση οδηγεί στην αντεκδίκηση. Το Ισραήλ και η Παλαιστίνη έχουν πέσει σε ένα φαύλο κύκλο αίματος και είναι σχεδόν αδύνατον πλέον να σταματήσει. Αυτό δε σημαίνει ότι εμείς θα σταματήσουμε να μιλάμε.
    Θεωρώ άδικο το ότι η αριστερά παίρνει πάντα το μέρος της Παλαιστίνης. Αυτό γίνεται ψυχολογικά γιατί ο αδύνατος είναι πάντα συμπαθέστερος από τον δυνατό. Αλλά το αίμα κυλάει και από τις δύο μεριές. Και οι εβραϊκές ζωές που χάνονται, ζωές είναι. Προσωπικά θα ήθελα αντί για διαδηλώσεις υπέρ της Παλαιστίνης και κατά του Ισραήλ, να γίνονται διαδηλώσεις υπέρ της Ειρήνης με συμμετοχή Παλαιστινίων και Εβραίων. Το μίσος όμως είναι τόσο απύθμενο εκατέρωθεν που γνωρίζω ότι αυτό είναι αδύνατον. Δεν αιθεροβατώ. Ως ιδεολόγος κομμουνιστής όμως ποτέ δε θα πάψω να υποστηρίζω το αυτό που θεωρώ σωστό και ποτέ δε θα συμβιβάσω την φιλοειρηνική μου στάση υπέρ του ενός ή του άλλου.

    Ο Τσίπρας δε θα αλλάξει κάτι δραματικά στην Ελλάδα. Πολιτικά και οικονομικά τουλάχιστον δε θα αλλάξει τίποτα. Ελπίζω να αλλάξει κάτι στην κοινωνία. Δεν τον ψήφισα γιατί σου είπα ότι είμαι κομμουνιστής. Θεωρώ όμως ότι ξεκίνησε καλά, αρνούμενος να ορκιστεί θρησκευτικά αφού πρώτα επισκέφτηκε το σκοπευτήριο της Καισαριανής αποτίοντας φόρο τιμής σε όλους όσους έχασαν τη ζωή τους για τη λευτεριά του τόπου από τους ναζί (Έλληνες, Εβραίους, Αρβανήτες, δεξιούς, αριστερούς, χριστιανούς, μουσουλμάνους). Ο ελληνικός λαός είχε ξεχάσει πολλά πράγματα από την ιστορία του. Ελπίζω σιγά σιγά να τα θυμηθεί. Μέσα σε αυτά είναι και το ολοκαύτωμα. Αν ο ελληνικός λαός ξαναδεί με συμπάθεια το ολοκαύτωμα, θα ξαναδεί με συμπάθεια και τους ζώντες Εβραίους.
    Ο αντισημιτισμός στην Ελλάδα δεν θα αποξυλωθεί τόσο εύκολα, το ξέρω. Είναι βαθιά ριζωμένος. Ελπίζω όμως να γίνει σιγά σιγά το πρώτο βήμα

    (Ο λόγος για όλο αυτό το σεντόνι είναι η πρώτη φωτογραφία σου που δείχνει τον Τσίπρα με παλαιστινιακό Κεφφιγιέ. Ζητώ συγγνώμη από όσους αναγνώστες σου δε βαρεθούν να το διαβάσουν όλο και που δεν το έγραψα στα αγγλικά. Μου ήταν αρκετά δύσκολο να εκφράσω αυτά που πιστεύω στα ελληνικά – και μάλιστα δεν πιστεύω ότι είμαι απόλυτα κατανοητός – πόσο μάλλον στα αγγλικά)

  9. Θέμος Δασόπουλος said

    I agree wholeheartedly with Abravanel. The Greek State never offered an apology for the role played by individual Greeks and segments of the Church and government in the destruction of the Greek Jews. Silence, indifference and defensiveness were the predominant responses. The Jewish history of Salonika was suppressed by the dominant historiography. The collaborators were never prosecuted – instead, they rose to positions of power. The State never acknowledged the pillage of Jewish properties and the destruction of Salonika’s Jewish cemetery, let alone considered compensation. Despite recurring examples of hatred against Jews and the findings of the recent ADL survey, we delude ourselves that there is no antisemitism in Greece – Golden Dawn is the tip of the iceberg. Antisemitism is the barometer of the lack of openness of our society, a measure of how we have failed as a people and country.

  10. plagal said

    I think what I’m trying to say is that to make alive Jews «our own», our society needs to first make dead Jews truly «our own», not as exotic others but as «us us». So, if the government where to bring the Holocaust to the forefront of our national storytelling, not as a subsection in the last grade of high school history, but as a major part of «our» story, just like, say, the Massacre of Chios, then the next generation can grow up with a different understanding of jewish greekness and greek jewishness. That’s of course one hypothetical followed by another, so I’m not sure if it’s really useful.

    Other than that, I agree that it will be a great boon to the Left to get rid of our superiority complex and the myth that «leftist==good person». Let’s wait and see.

  11. plagal said

    Bah, stupid reductionist me. There is so much more to the story of Jews in Greece than the Holocaust.

  12. Minna Rozen said

    Very Interesting. I follow the news , but your input is excellent. I assume that these Berliners do not intend to publish the proceedings of the conference. What a pity. Minna

  13. […] Minna Rozen on Tsipras Wins, what can Jews in… […]

  14. […] must then wonder how he accepts being a part in a government where antisemitism runs rampant. And I don’t mean only the Independent Greeks (ANEL) junior coalition member; I intend parliamentarians like Rahil Makri. A former ANEL MP, she was hand-picked by Prime […]

  15. […] Is Germany responsib… on Tsipras Wins, what can Jews in… […]

Leave a reply - Σχολιάστε νηφάλια

Εισάγετε τα παρακάτω στοιχεία ή επιλέξτε ένα εικονίδιο για να συνδεθείτε:

Λογότυπο WordPress.com

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό WordPress.com. Αποσύνδεση /  Αλλαγή )

Φωτογραφία Facebook

Σχολιάζετε χρησιμοποιώντας τον λογαριασμό Facebook. Αποσύνδεση /  Αλλαγή )

Σύνδεση με %s

Αρέσει σε %d bloggers: